Designing And Failure Of Monolithic Refractory Structures – Part 1

The design of static refractory structures is often based on empirical or trial and error methods. Palmer Technologies uses the latest engineering software and material properties for your process.

Volatilization Of Refractory Silica In Hydrogen Water Vapour Gas Streams

The volatilization of silica (SiO2) from refractory concrete has been studied extensively and reaction thermodynamics are also well published. Understanding the degradation of the refractory containing silica in hydrogen /steam gases at temperature is important when designing and selecting refractory linings for gasifiers or boilers particularly in low temperature processes such as ammonia plant transfer lines which operate in the temperature range of 700°C to 950°C.

Testing Refractory Lined Vessels Using the NDT Technique P-Response ®

The P-Response® system is a fast screening method for identifying suspect areas of civil and refractory concrete, non-destructively, as opposed to visual inspection or core drilling.

Heat Transfer Design Considerations For Refractory Linings – Part 1

The heat transfer analysis of multi-layer refractory concretes in both transient and steady state conditions is particularly important for many pyro-processing industries. Knowing the temperature profile through the different layers is important for design and operational trouble shooting.

Refractory Concrete Reinforced With Stainless Steel Fiber

Concrete materials like refractories are strong in compression and very weak in tension. This generally means that their fracture toughness is low. Stainless steel fibres are commonly used in an endeavour to improve refractory fracture toughness.

Designing And Failure Of Monolithic Refractory Structures – Part 2

Part 1 of this paper has highlighted the errors in refractory design methodology and a general methodology for the design of monolithic refractory structures is presented. In particular it has been shown that traditional concepts or guidelines are erroneous which are not based on engineering science can leave open the risk for catastrophic failure.

The Behaviour Of Monolithic Refractory And Its Importance For The Design Of Refractory Structures

Understanding the behaviour of monolithic refractory concrete is critically important for engineers when designing refractory linings for high temperature environments. As cement plants, power plants and other industries push for longer runtimes to reduce maintenance costs, the performance of refractory linings is critical in maintaining plant reliability.

Design And Efficiency Aspects Of Rotary Dryers

The drying of products like sand, aggregates, fertilizers and food products is an important step in industrial processes. With an increasing focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and energy demand the design of drying units has become critical. In the past rotary dryers have been in some cases thermally very inefficient primarily due to poor design.

Dryout of Refractory Concrete

Understanding the effects of different heating rates on green concrete structures is of primary importance to engineers and industry. This is because heating of concrete and refractory materials can result in serious problems, particularly if an explosive spalling event occurs.

Refractory Design & Installation

Our engineered designs for reformers, transfer lines, boilers and related vessels are proven to lower the risk of refractory failure, increase lining life, simplify installation and improve plant reliability.

We service industry giants across the globe

The key benefits of our designs and management are the delivery of very reliable linings which that saves our clients time and maintenance costs.Understanding refractory behaviour is critical for the design and fabrication of refractory lining/structures.

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